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Rossio Square in Lisbon

Rossio Square or Praça do Rossio, officially called Praça de D. Pedro IV, is Lisbon’s nerve centre. The square is situated in the city’s neighborhood called Baixa, on the northern end of Rua Augusta, very close to Restauradores Square.

Rossio Square
Rossio Square

Rossio Square (Pedro IV Square)
Rossio Square (Pedro IV Square)

Rossio Square, fountain
One of the fountains in Rossio Square

Praça do Rossio is the liveliest area in the capital of Portugal and where many locals and tourists meet up. The square and its surrounding streets are packed with some of the city’s most famous restaurants, bars and shops.

In our opinion, Rossio Square and its neighboring streets are the best area in Lisbon to find accommodation.

Places of Interest

The square houses various monuments and landmarks:

Column of Pedro IV

In the centre of Rossio Square sits the Column of Pedro IV of Portugal, known as “the Soldier King”. At the base of the pillar are four female figures that represent the King’s various qualities: Justice, Wisdom, Strength and Moderation.

D. Maria II National Theatre

The National Theatre D. Maria II was founded in 1842. It replaced the old Estaus Palace, headquarters of the Portuguese Inquisition since mid-fifteenth century. On top of the Theatre’s façade is a statue of Gil Vicente, a Portuguese playwright and father of the country’s theatre.

Rossio Railway Station

On the left-hand side of the National Theatre is the Rossio Railway Station, built in 1887. Its façade is striking with an unusual entrance. The trains to Sintra depart from this train station.

Café Nicola

Café Nicola is one of the most famous coffee shops in Lisbon. It has a beautiful art deco façade and was opened over 200 years ago.


Praça de D. Pedro IV.


Metro: Rossio, green line.


Rossio Square in Lisbon, location map

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